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Glossary
  • Ampulla of Vater – a widening where the pancreatic duct and bile duct enter the intestine
  • Bile duct – the tube which transports bile from the liver and gall bladder to the duodenum
  • Biopsy – the removal of bodily tissue for examination
  • Bronchoscopy – the visual examination of the bronchial tubes
  • Bronchoscope – a flexible, optical instrument used for the inspection of the bronchial tubes
  • Caecum – a pouch connecting the small and large intestines
  • Capsule endoscopy – the investigation of the digestive tract by use of an ingested pill containing a camera
  • Colonoscopy – the visual examination of the colon
  • Colonoscope – a thin flexible, optical instrument used for the inspection of the colon as far up as the caecum
  • Cystoscope – a flexible, optical instrument used for the inspection of the bladder
  • Cystoscopy – the investigation of the of the bladder by use of a cystoscope inserted through the urethra
  • Diverticulitis – inflammation within the bowel wall, which causes pain and disturbance in bowel movement
  • Endoscope – a flexible instrument used to investigate the internal organs of the body
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatograpyhy (ERCP) – the investigation of diseases of the liver, bile ducts and pancreas
  • Endoscopic ultrasound – the investigation of the internal organs in the chest and abdomen by use of an endoscopy in combination with an ultrasound
  • Endoscopy – the investigation of hollow body organs by use of an endoscope
  • Enema – the insertion of liquid or gas into the rectum in order to expel its contents or to introduce medication
  • Enteroscope – a flexible, optical instrument used for the inspection of the small bowel
  • Enteroscopy – the investigation of the small bowel by use of an enteroscope
  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy – the investigation of the lower third of the colon (usually searching for polyps) by use of a sigmoidoscope
  • Gastrointestinal tract – the digestive pathway that starts at the mouth and extends to the anus
  • Gastroscope – a lit, flexible, optical instrument that is used to inspect the interior of the stomach
  • Gastroscopy – the investigation of the stomach by use of a gastroscope inserted through the oesophagus
  • Helicobactor pylori – a bacterium that causes long term inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Pancreatic duct – the tube connecting the pancreas with the intestine
  • Pillcam – an ingestible pill that contains a camera and produces pictures of its journey through the gastrointestinal tract
  • Polyp – a small growth from a mucous membrane, such as the intestine
  • Sigmoidoscope – a flexible optical instrument used for the inspection of the sigmoid colon (lower third of the colon)